le 12 012015 E

Hi all

Seen television, live broadcast on CHARLIE HEBDO many people, so much the better, this proves the humanity of the French people , who still reigns, and that has always prevailed, it will certainly prevent a civil war, it is not;ZEMMOUR who wanted there to be a civil war, it is feuge, no, it seems to me I am sorry, when even that this NETANAYAHOU (90.000 Sudanese refugees and Eritrean) HYPOCRITE is the in correction to come, he who has not come to the funeral of MANDELA claiming a flu or a cold, I thought more worthy than that, apparently, this is not the caseIt said. It does not surprise me.

Why not told the truth about the public debt?

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white to green weight short, all the world that I read, when they have the time, please, please, translate what there is in this link, thanks for everything, for the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

Public debt, Germany – news – economy – Lalibre.be

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white to green weight short, all the world that I read, when they have the time, please, please, translate what there is in this link, thanks for everything, for the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

The fact is, a portion of the debt is therefore illegitimate AH, yeah, no, it is not possible, there are guys, hyper-qualified seems?, macron, moscovici, FIR, and Holland, it is not normal, this would mean that those people were aware, and that they knew informed, no, this is not possible, they would have done without the knowledge of our own volition

(Hey, this reminds me someone!)Yet, they have no bike!

A country can refuse of pay SA debt – the blog of Eva, r… A English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white short green weight, all the world who read me, when they have time, please, please, translate what there is in this link thanks, for everything, and for the demonstrations that you have organized in honor!

Germany, champion of Europe of the debt before the Italy

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white to green weight short, all the world that I read, when they have the time, please, please, translate what there is in this link, thanks for everything, for the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

The origins of the Greek debt – to make live the PCF!

lepcf.fr/new-article, 763

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white to green weight short, all the world that I read, when they have the time, please, please, translate what there is in this link, thanks for everything, for the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

Summary : Greek public debt made the headlines at the moment where this country’s leaders have accepted the cure of austerity demanded by the IMF and the European Union, which caused of very important social struggles throughout the year 2010. But where does this debt Greek? On the side of the private sector debt, the increase is recent: a first strong increase following the entry of Greece into the eurozone in 2001, a second explosion of debt occurs from 2007 when financial aid granted to the banks by the Federal Reserve in the United States, European Governments and the European Central Bank (ECB) is partly recycled by bankers to the Greece and other countries as the Spain or the Portugal. On the side of public indebtedness, growth is older. After the debt inherited from the regime of the colonels, recourse to borrowing was used since the 1990s to fill the hole created in public finances by reducing the tax on corporations and high incomes. Moreover, for decades, many loan helped fund the purchase of military equipment mainly the France, the Germany and the United States. Do not forget the huge debt of the public authorities for the organisation of the Olympic Games in 2004. The public debt gearing was oiled by bribes of large transnational companies to obtain contracts: Siemens is an emblematic example.

This is why the legitimacy and legality of debts must be subject to rigorous scrutiny, in the image of the work done by the audit commission full of public debt of Ecuador in 2007-2008. Debts which will be qualified as illegitimate, of odious or illegal, should be declared null and void and the Greece may refuse to repay, while asking for accounts in justice to those who have contracted. Encouraging signs from Greece indicate that the questioning of the debt has become a central theme and that demand for creation of a commission of audit is progressing in an interesting way.

Why to cancel illegitimate debt – how to get out of the…

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white to green weight short, all the world that I read, when they have the time, please, please, translate what there is in this link, thanks for everything, for the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

Public debt: break the cycle

Why to cancel illegitimate debt – how to get out of the European crisis

The crisis shaking the European Union into its foundations. For many countries, the noose of debt is tight and they are caught in the throat by the financial markets. With the active complicity of the Governments, of the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the IMF, specialized financial at the origin of the crisis are speculating on debts of States and are reimbursed at the price of a fierce austerity. A brutal offensive against a series of economic and social rights of the majority of population is launched.

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white to green weight short, all the world that I read, when they have the time, please, please, translate what there is in this link, thanks for everything, for the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

Thomas Piketty and public debt. Anti-K2015/01/07/thomas-piketty-et-la-dette-publique http://www.anti-k.org/ too long, here is the link for the

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white short green weight, all the world that I read, when they have time, please, please, translate what there is in this Green link, thank you, for anything, and the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

We can only rejoice the refusal of Thomas Piketty to accept the legion of honor, the French authorities wanted to assign in this beginning of the year 2015.1. A few days earlier in a forum published by the newspaper Libération, Thomas Piketty roundly criticised the french and German governments leading neoliberal policies and that contribute to impose to countries like the Greece or Spain social measures on behalf of the reimbursement of the debt debt

The vulnerability of the financial system, the illegitimacy…, too long, here is the link for the

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white short green weight, all the world that I read, when they have time, please, please, translate what there is in this red link, thank you, for everything!

The vulnerability of the financial system, the illegitimacy of public debts and combat political internationalist for their cancellation

AutoR (es): Charles, François not anyone! It would surprise me that it crashes!

Chesnais, François . Investigador-activist marxista, economista, profesor emerito in Universidad de Paris 13-Villetaneuse. ES parte del Consejo científico of ATTAC-Francia, director of square red y miembro del Consejo asesor Herramienta, con que colabora asiduamente. AutoR of una gran cantidad of Artículos, ensayos y libros, between los than elegimos mencionar La globalisation of capital y illegitimate debts. When banks do hand based on public policy. ES tambien uno los autores obra colectiva Las finanzas capitalistas. Para comprender crisis mundial, publicado por Ediciones Herramienta. E-mail: chesnaisf@free.fr.

In the spring of 2010, large European banks, primarily French and German banks have convinced the European Union and the ECB, that the risk of default of payment of the public debt of the Greece put their balance sheets in danger. They have asked to be immune from the consequences of their management. Major European banks were strongly assisted in autumn 2008 at the time where the bankruptcy of the Bank Lehman Brothers in New York brought the financial crisis to its paroxysm. Since their rescue, they were not cleaned all the toxic assets in their accounts. However, they continued to make investments in high-risk. In some smaller non-payment would mean bankruptcy. In May 2010, a rescue plan was mounted, with a financial component and a component of drastic budgetary austerity and accelerated privatization: decreases of social expenditure; decrease in salaries for civil servants and reduction of their number; new attacks on pensions systems, as they are funded or pay-as-you-go. The first countries, such as Greece and the Portugal, have applied were caught in a downward spiral which the working classes and the young are the immediate victims. Month by month, it concerns a larger number of countries in Western and Mediterranean Europe, having devastated the Baltic and Balkan countries. It is workers, youth and the popular the most vulnerable that imposed on the cost of the rescue of the financial system European and therefore of the world system.

THE debt: That they do not want that you know!

< > e collective for a citizen audit of public debt issued on May 27, 2014, a first report. He is mainly interested in the debt of the State. It estimated that total 59% of current public debt are « illegitimate. » This illegitimacy is that the amount of the debt results from tax gifts and paid by the State excessive interest rates. This illegitimate debt totaled EUR 1 077 billion or 53 per cent of GDP. If the State had not reduced its revenue and pampered financial markets, public debt no would have represented in 2012 that 43% of the GDP instead of 90%.

The increase in the debt of the State cannot be explained by the increase of expenditures of the State as they fell by 2 points of GDP in 30 years. On the other hand, 488 billion euros of debt are tax giveaways to the richest and shareholders. The share of the revenue of the State in GDP fell by 5 points in 30 years. If the State had maintained its revenues at the same level, public debt would be below 24 points of GDP to what it is! So much for the share of illegitimate due to the decrease in the revenue of the State and its voluntary impoverishment. Let’s share due to the excessive costs of the financial markets. Indeed, 589 billion euros of debt comes from the rate of excessive interest imposed by the financial markets. The Group considered that a ‘normal’ rate was 2 per cent above inflation (actual interest rate). Therefore, practical beyond rates were « excessive ». Demonstration on the other hand: If the State had borrowed from non-excessive interest rates, public debt would be 29 points of GDP lower! Of course, these excessive interest rates have had a « snowball effect ». It took borrow more to repay the loans ‘excessively’ taxed when they arrived in term. And these new loans are often to rate themselves « excessive » which strengthened the illegitimacy of the amount due. This is the so-called illegitimate debt. François Lenglet is evil: « since when?  » As if it was a necessary proof of the value of the argument. Imagine: you should bear in mind the history of each loan from the Treasury that the debt to repay debt has increased. This is the kind of know that François Lenglet pretends to have, although it may have, and it sum his interlocutors to prove.

Now, let’s see what is debt French itself in 2014.

Enough blather with the ‘future generations’ debt by our bad habits! Average life of debt is 7 years and 19 days. Honesty to seriously assess the situation would reported debt to what should pay should repay it at the end of race. I.e. 1 985 billion euros in total debt divided by 2567 days: done 282, 24 billion EUR per year! Just 13 per cent of annual GDP! It is far from the ever restless 93.6% to panic the world! Because it is stupid to report all debt to the value of a single year of production. Why does? It is even more absurd that the repayment of the debt is not payable within this period! It is therefore absurd to compare a multiannual stock with an annual flow. It’s what makes length media Catechisms.

Another indispensable comparison is to report the debt to the assets of the country!

How does the country have? It is important to know if there ‘kidneys’ solid against the amount of money it borrows. See figures. The assets of the France amounted to 35 000 billion ‘economic heritage. This amount contains two components. On the one hand 13 900 billion of non-financial assets i.e. of buildings, houses, machines and so on. And on the other the country has 21 trillion of financial assets. Total debt is therefore only 5.6% of the assets of our country. That is to say nothing. Or almost!

On regularly makes me the challenge about the cancellation of the debt.

Jean-marc Ayrault himself was outraged: « Mélenchon proposes not to repay the debt, this is not serious! Besides I never said things in this way, I take a close look at this very interesting working hypothesis. This would not be a first in history. Our dear German friends know well. Cancel the debt, the Germany has done it! For the record, it was February 27, 1953! The London Conference, convened to case Germany defeated and destroyed, decided the cancellation of more than two-thirds of the German debt (62.6%) by its foreign creditors! The agreement was signed by the FRG and 22 creditor countries. And 22 creditors generous, include the United States, Great Britain, the France, but also the Greece! It is impossible to say that recognition stifles the Germans. However, the addition was salty. German pre-war debt was reduced by $ 22.6 billion to $ 7.5 billion marks. And the post-war 16.2 billion to 7 billion Marks. The value of the time. Use multiplication to find what these amounts mean now! When slate of German damage, it surrendered to the peoples who have rebuilt their country! By reading these arguments you see what extreme restraint was mine against the obnoxious member of the German right who talked to us so badly on this television!

What today of country strangled by the accounting methods of the Europe German debt?

The case of school is that Greek debt. According to IMF calculations cited by Le Figaro, the balance sheet is ridiculous. The amount of Greek debt, in early 2010, before the austerity plans which would « Save » the country was 298 billion. After six years of austerity, the rescue plan amounted to 350 billion, debt forgiveness and rescheduling new credits. 110 billion 1 plan rescue of 2010, 140 billion of new plan 2012 now being implemented, 100 billion of debts cancelled by the banks. I’ll be back in a moment on these ‘cancellation ‘. Welcome to global accounts. We know the solution proposed by the left Front: that the ECB lends directly to the Greece to pay off its debt. If it had been at the beginning, it would therefore already saved 42 billion! The Greece would not martyred as it was and as it is every day under the German administration of the troika presents in Athens. And now, learn this many of you are unaware of. When a Bank buys debt securities it not range them in his trunk. It resells them or integrates them into investment funds. Greek debt securities were resold up to 25% of their face value. The facial value, it is one that is marked on the title. A title of one hundred euro debt could, therefore, be sold up to 25 euros only as it circulated from hand to hand. In cycle-necks, a bank could redeem 25 euros one title and sell it to the European Central Bank that bought it 30 or 50. At each lap of the same title, banks gavaged. And now, these titles are in the balance sheet of the European Central Bank. Which cash interest and advertising reimbursement to the facial value, bought 25 and demanded 100 as a vulgar vulture fund.

This comedy is true for each of the rescue plans decided since 2010.

For the Ireland, the Spain, the Portugal and the Italy. 1 100 billion euros was spent on this grotesque mode — the equivalent of a year’s production of the Spain! And meanwhile, while peoples were Bled, pensioners with impunity could continue to leave their capital for the national economy. Between June 2011 and June 2012 in Italy, 235 billion fled, or 15% of GDP and, in Spain, 296 came out without leaving an address, or 27% of the annual production of the country! This is all that I wanted to put on the table in the discussion on debt.

Jean Luc MÉLENCHON

http://2ccr.unblog.fr/2015/01/02/la-Dette-CE-quils-ne-veulent-PAS-que-vous-sachiez/

also: who holds the debt of FRANCE?

for  » common sense  » multiple claims are advanced for many years by ‘ experts ‘ as of such unavoidable economic assumptions: ‘ States can longer live above their means ‘, ‘ no household could be in debt so », findings calling as a highlight the reduction of public expenditure:  » should pay the debt »…

What is?

Government debt is constituted by the total financial commitments in the form of current supported borrowing at a time T by public administrations: State, local authorities and social security administrations. It rises for France at 1 713 euros to 31.12.11 billion (85.8% of GDP) 1 212 billion euros to 31.12.07 (64% of GDP), an increase of 30% in volume and 21 points of GDP by report the end of 2007, just before the start of the crisis. It is located in the average of the euro zone. The interest on the debt (debt load) weighs heavier also: 48.8 billion euros in 2012 (2.5% of GDP) against 47 billion euros in 2007. They are the 2nd position of the State spending, after education.

Debt is firstly and mainly of the State (it is called sovereign debt), debt of local authorities amounting to 166.3 billion ¤ to 31.12.11, while that of the administration of social security (health insurance, national pension insurance fund) stood at 205,4 Mds ¤ to 31.12.11.

Public debt serves as a justification the policy of rigor from yesterday as to the policy of austerity of today.

Therefore, the threat of bankruptcy was brandished as a scarecrow against the Greece. Public expenditure is pointing the finger.

And it is by treaty EuropeanTSCG (Treaty for stability, Coordination, and governance) called also Pact budgetary rigour is imposed throughout Europe by imposing in its provisions the ban of any structural deficit – i.e. excluding exceptional situational items – 0.5% (principle of a balanced budget also known as ‘ golden rule ‘), as well as respect for the convergence criteria the Treaty of Maastricht of 1992: maximum annual budget deficit of 3 per cent and public debt to 60% ceiling. And in the event of non-compliance with the rule of budgetary balance, financial penalties, up to 1% of the GDP of the country concerned, can be applied… This Treaty signed March 2, 2012 by the heads of State of the euro area must now be ratified by the States. All elements of the TSCG must be introduced into national legislation within a period of one year following the entry into force of the Treaty in the form of binding and permanent, constitutional preference provisions.

In France, the Netherlands candidate stated wanting to renegotiate the TSCG and add a ‘growth’ component without so directly calling it into question. Today the Government goes into force this Treaty by proposing its adoption by organic law without any changes to its content. As for the ‘growth’ pane, amounting to 120 billion ¤, it represents only 1% of European GDP (European agreement of June 29, 2012).

Holland, no how, even stupidity

origin of the debt
Debt is not from an excess of public expenditure

FOR VALLS and Holland

TAKE ECONOMICS COURSES, IT IS REMBOUSRER BY YOUR

The weight of public spending in France stood at 56% of GDP in 2011, compared to 53% from 1985 to 2007.
It is therefore relatively stable because even if public spending increased, GDP also grew.
In addition, public expenditure brings free to households (education, health) public services they should pay individually if they were not provided, infrastructure, and allows investments that generate economic recovery.
Part of this debt is the result of a transfer of private State debts

* During the financial crisis, States have provided assistance to private banks, and socializing their private debt. Today, private banks lend to States with high rates (by 31.12.2010, the ten-year rate was 2.96% for Germany, 3.36% for France, 4.81% for the Italy, 12.47% for the Greece), while borrowing themselves at a rate very low to the ECB (1 000 Mds ¤ borrowed late 2011 / early 2012 to the ECB at the rate of 1%) and central banksthus completing’s financial health on the backs of the States which they still in this way worse debt. Moreover, the obligation to borrow from financial markets generates a dependency increased from abroad (70% of the debt is held by non-residents).

The economic recession caused by the financial crisis has reduced the tax revenue of the State

* Redundancies, insecurity, cuts in purchasing power generate a fall in consumption and therefore tax receipts (thus the VAT, tax on consumption, represents in France 45% of the budget revenue of the State, etc.). And there are social and political costs (rise of the extreme right in Europe) of the policies of rigour resulting also in breaking the growth!

Debt is also due to a shortfall of considerable tax revenue

* It is as well that in France the wealthy individuals benefit from lavish tax gifts: to multiple tax loopholes (75 billion euros) and to shield tax added relief of the ISF which cost EUR 1.8 billion in the State budget, while the new exceptional contribution on the upper income 3%, will yield only about 300 000 million euros. Eye powder intended to conceal the tax gifts to the rich. The progressivity of the income tax has been reduced: in twenty years the maximum marginal rate of the scale is lowered from 65% to 41%. Similarly, large companies are upon: they support only an average rate of 8% IS against 28% for small and medium-sized enterprises for an official rate of 33, 1/3%. These large companies benefit from taxation schemes in such very favourable IS the regime of Group of companies or one of the deferral behind deficit that allows these companies to restore the previously paid IS! Finally, tax evasion costs 50 billion euros to the State and is mostly the work of the large companies and wealthy individuals.

The multiple reductions in social security contributions, financially compensated by the State, also represent a financial cost for public finances

* – 27.8 billion € in 2007, 30 billion € in 2011 – without generating more jobs, or allow to curb redundancies (Act of 25 July 1994 provides that any new contribution exemption measure must be compensated. In 2010, the share of the exemptions offset the general arrangements by the State amounts to 90.2%).

Swelling of debt mechanisms
The cost of debt is the interest rate less the cost of inflation and the rate of growth. Inflation and growth will reduce the cost of debt. During the 1950s to 1975, it is thanks to the inflation and growth that the debt of the State was reduced.

But we are currently in a situation where inflation (2.5% to 31.12.11) as growth (1.7% to 31.12.11) are low, while at the same time interest rates are high, the State (and other Governments) through financial markets (hence commercial banks). Result: debt swells.

* However, in current neoliberal agenda, the fight against inflation is a priority objective.
Therefore, the main purpose of the ECB and the central banks is the control of inflation to contain below the 2% threshold. Liberal control of the evolution of monetary policy is contrary to any policy of money creation by direct grant of loan to the States by the central banks, which is prohibited by section 123.1 of the TFEU. Gold money creation by direct loan from the ECB and the central banks in the States (monetizing the debt) is one of the main solutions to swelling debt.

Illegitimate debt
The fact is, a portion of the debt is therefore illegitimate : transfer to States of private claims, chargebacks of interest charged by private banks (which lend 3% to over 12% according to the States, because of the required risk premia (credit default swaps), while taking themselves 1%…) The most indebted States are unable to repay their debts, most importantly highly increased by the interests. Result: the debt becomes unsustainable (the finances of a State are considered unsustainable when the latter is no longer able to ensure the financing of public debt).

Debt must be reviewed in each case and a part of them (principal and interest) must be called into question by outright cancellation when it is illegitimate in nature.

Proposals
Straighten the revenue of the State

* Restore tax revenue by engaging a reform tax redistributive for a different distribution of wealth: real taxation of income of heritage (be it financial, movable or immovable heritage); revision of the taxation of heritage (heritage stock: reform of the TFR, total abolition of the tax shield, reform of the estate tax); rewriting of local taxation in order to take better account of the actual contributory faculties of households and businesses and the actual rental value; overhaul of the taxation of companies, including the largest, so that they can no longer escape tax.
* Fight against fiscal fraud (50 Mds ¤).
* Fight against tax evasion by prohibiting banks and European companies to have activities and subsidiaries in tax havens.
* Put an end to tax loopholes (75 Mds ¤) and social illegitimate such exemptions from social security contributions (30 Mds ¤).
* Implement fiscal and social harmonisation at European level to put an end to the fiscal and social dumping which engaged States.

Launch a policy of economic recovery that will regain growth

* Political commitment of an investment policy to guide the economy towards the ecological and social transition, employment, rehabilitation of low wages… This policy to revive demand will generate new tax revenue (VAT thanks to increased consumption, tax, tax on income…).
* At European level also, commitment to a policy of employment and sustainable growth.
To this end:
-The ECB, under democratic control, must become the instrument.
-The European Investment Bank should be strengthened to make possible the financing of projects, helping to contribute to the reduction of territorial inequalities within Europe.

Interest on the debt
* Implementation of the possibility open to States to borrow from public credit institutions (article 123 paragraph 2 TFEU). In France, the State could use the funds of the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations.
* Introduction of the possibility of direct loan from the ECB and the central banks in the States, in order to avoid recourse to financial markets (repeal of article 123, paragraph 1 of the TFEU).
* Establishment of a banking public pole and establishment of public regulation blocking any speculative activity.

Illegitimate debt: debt restructuring

* Set up a Tribunal of debt capable of judging the sustainability and legitimacy of public debt and propose concrete solutions (proposals of the collective for a citizen audit of public debt).
* Renegotiate excessive rates to which some countries have had going into debt and restructure the obviously unsustainable public debt. Idem concerning loans made by communities local French with Dexia (toxic loans at variable rates).
* Challenge supported by the statements of Bank debts.
* Not to reimburse the assets accumulated by tax evasion.

Referendum on the TSCG

Reviews – The global public debt amounts to… – L…

English, German, Spanish… etc!Short, for all countries, and above all citizens black, yellow, green, red, purple, white to green weight short, all the world that I read, when they have the time, please, please, translate what there is in this link, thanks for everything, for the demonstrations that you have organised in honour!

The global public debt amounts to…

Further, published 2009-09-18 13:05

… Over 35,000 billion, according to The Economist. The magazine has developed a Web-based tool identifying and adding the deficits of (almost) all countries in the world. Update in real time, this « global public debt clock » to make comparisons by country and per capita.

Comments (4)

vendeur21 vendeur21 – 22/01/2010 15:21

inteligent and util tool to see that countries richest sotn the more endetes, but then if these countries are endetes how can they be rich because ‘ they are owners of property that he took credit, it is the upside, world countries less wealthy are less endetes, what is scandalous is that those has who was borrows money they exploitenet those which borrowed them money, because money is borrowed on the financial markets and he is dificil to draw each dolalr road borrows, asini a poor country can borrow has a ‘rich’ countries who will eploiter this country with the money he has just meprunter, it is a scandal

Answer

Stilgar Stilgar – 2009-09-22 11:14

Quaterno did not fully understand that public debts were due to investors, insurance companies, banks and not States. It is precisely because States have abandoned their right of money creation by entrusting banks (only creators of currency) that for example for France, between 1973 and 2008 we paid 1350 billion of interest while the debt totalled 1400 billion… If we did not pay interest to the private sector, we would almost no debt!

Answer

2009-09-21 10:40

World debt is an absurd concept.The inhabitants of the world are humans and this debt is money that they owe to themselves so it was until the day or humans take to land extra that we can talk about world debt

Answer

2009-09-18 15:37

I think that the idea of a global debt clock is a powerful means of statistics of debts and this can permtre solve the problem of rembroussement between different countries.For example, if FRANCE must 100,000,000 EUROS to the Germany and the Germany 100,000,000 EUROS in the United States themselves must 100,000,000 EUROS to the FRANCE(je ne parle que bien sûr deles de dettes publiques deles de ETATS).Then these three countries have to meet and cancel their debts of 100,000,000 EUROS.

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